Modern name for the area between Giza and Saqqara that served as the burial place for the kings and courtiers of Dynasty 5 and also the location of temples dedicated to the sun god Re. Four pyramidswith their temples have been found here. The area was examined by a German expedition under Friedrich von Bissing and then under Ludwig Borchardt in 1898–1913, followed by a Swiss expedition in 1954–1957, and it has been excavated by a Czech expedition since the 1960s.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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